Brief Profile

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Please be aware that the REACH registration parts of this Brief Profile are no longer maintained; they remain frozen as of 19th May 2023. All other data parts (substance identity, C&L, key regulatory lists etc. are up to date).

The new ECHA CHEM database has been released by ECHA, and it now contains all REACH registration data. There are more details on the transition of ECHA's published data to ECHA CHEM here.

Diss Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

EC / List no.:
224-699-9
CAS no.:
4454-16-4
Index number:
028-054-00-0
Molecular formula:
C16H30NiO4
SMILES:
[Ni++].CCCCC(CC)C([O-])=O.CCCCC(CC)C([O-])=O
InChI:
InChI=1/2C8H16O2.Ni/c2*1-3-5-6-7(4-2)8(9)10;/h2*7H,3-6H2,1-2H3,(H,9,10);/q;;+2/p-2
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Other
Registered compositions:
6
Of which contain:
5 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the harmonised classification and labelling (ATP01) approved by the European Union, this substance may cause cancer by inhalation, may damage the unborn child, causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure, is very toxic to aquatic life, is very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects, is suspected of causing genetic defects, may cause an allergic skin reaction and may cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations identifies that this substance may cause cancer and is harmful if swallowed.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in CLP notifications identifies that this substance may cause damage to organs, is harmful in contact with skin, causes serious eye irritation, is harmful if inhaled and causes skin irritation.

Breakdown of all 161 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Carc. 1A H350i Harmonised Classification
Repr. 1B H360D Harmonised Classification
STOT RE 1 H372 Harmonised Classification
Aquatic Acute 1 H400 Harmonised Classification
Aquatic Chronic 1 H410 Harmonised Classification
Muta. 2 H341 Harmonised Classification
Skin Sens. 1 H317 Harmonised Classification
Resp. Sens. 1 H334 Harmonised Classification
Acute Tox. 4 H302
Acute Tox. 4 H312
Eye Irrit. 2 H319
Acute Tox. 4 H332
STOT SE 2 H371
Skin Irrit. 2 H315
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://poisoncentres.echa.europa.eu/o/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://poisoncentres.echa.europa.eu/o/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://poisoncentres.echa.europa.eu/o/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

At least one notifier has indicated that an impurity or an additive present in the substance impacts the notified classification.

Properties of concern

  • C
Officially recognised in the EU as Carcinogenic (Harmonised C&L).
  • C*
There is broad agreement in that a majority of data submitters agree this substance is Carcinogenic (100% of REACH registrations). A majority of data submitters indicating this property of concern indicate that it may relate to an impurity / additive rather than the substance itself.
  • M
Suspected to be Mutagenic (Harmonised C&L).
  • R
Officially recognised in the EU as Toxic to Reproduction (Harmonised C&L).
  • R*
There is broad agreement in that a majority of data submitters agree this substance is Toxic to Reproduction (100% of REACH registrations). A majority of data submitters indicating this property of concern indicate that it may relate to an impurity / additive rather than the substance itself.
  • Ss
Officially recognised in the EU as Skin sensitising ( Harmonised C&L).
  • Ss*
There is broad agreement in that a majority of data submitters agree this substance is Skin sensitising (100% of REACH registrations). A majority of data submitters indicating this property of concern indicate that it may relate to an impurity / additive rather than the substance itself.
  • Sr
Officially recognised in the EU as Respiratory sensitising ( Harmonised C&L).
  • Sr*
There is broad agreement in that a majority of data submitters agree this substance is Respiratory sensitising (100% of REACH registrations). A majority of data submitters indicating this property of concern indicate that it may relate to an impurity / additive rather than the substance itself.

Regulatory context

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 3 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):
Some uses of this substance are restricted under Annex XVII of REACH.

Persistent Organic Pollutants Regulation (POPs)

List of substances subject to the POPs Regulation:
List of substances proposed as POPs:

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
A European Union Harmonised Classification & Labelling has been assigned to this substance.
Seveso Annex I:
Industrial accident prevention and reporting requirements have been established for this substance.
Notified C&L:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is registered under the REACH Regulation and is manufactured in and / or imported to the European Economic Area, at ≥ 10 to < 100 tonnes per annum.

This substance is used in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or into which articles the substance might have been processed.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the types of manufacture using this substance.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

This substance is used in the following products: polymers.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities, transfer of substance into small containers and manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures.

This substance is used in the following products: polymers.

This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure and closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: as processing aid and as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities and manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance.

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: obtain special instructions before use; in case of inadequate ventilation wear respiratory protection; wash parts of the body (as specified by manufacturer/supplier)in contact with substance thoroughly after handling; avoid release to the environment; use personal protective equipment as required.; do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood; do not breathe the dust, fume, gas, mist, vapours or spray; contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace; avoid breathing the dust, fume, gas, mist, vapours or spray; do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product; wear protective gloves and/or clothing, and eye and/or face protection as specified by manufacturer/supplier.

Response statements

In case of incident: If swallowed: call a poison center or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. Get medical advice/attention if you feel unwell. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. If inhaled: if breathing is difficult, remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. If exposed or concerned: get medical advice/attention. If experiencing respiratory symptoms: call a poison center or doctor/physician. Collect spillage. If skin irritation or a rash occurs: get medical advice/attention. If on skin: wash with soap and water. Follow specific treatment (see label). Rinse the mouth.

Storage statements

Store this substance locked up.

Disposal statements

The substance must be disposed in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulation.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • Shepherd Europe SARL ShN, 275 rue de Lorraine 88500 Juvaincourt France
  • SHEPHERD Mirecourt SAS, 275, rue de Lorraine - Juvaincourt BP 47 88502 Mirecourt France
  • Umicore Specialty Materials Brugge, Kleine Pathoekeweg 82 8000 Brugge Belgium
  • Borchers GmbH-AF, Berghausener Str. 100 40764 Langenfeld Germany

Substance names and other identifiers

Hexanoic acid, 2-ethyl-, nickel(2+) salt
Other
Hexanoic acid, 2-ethyl-, nickel(2+) salt (2:1)
Other
Nickel bis(2-ethylhexanoate)
EC Inventory, C&L Inventory, REACH pre-registration, Other, FCM Active and Intelligent Materials - CMRs not allowed for use, CAD - Chemical Agents Directive, Art. 2(b)(i) - Hazardous Agents, Construction Product Regulation - Annex I (3) - Hazardous Substances, Construction Product Regulation - Art. 6(5) - SDS and Declaration, EU Ecolabels - Restrictions for Hazardous Substances/Mixtures, End-of-Life Vehicles Directive - Hazardous Substances, Active Implantable Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices Regulation - Hazardous Substances, Marine Environmental Policy Framework Directive - Hazardous Substances, Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, Medical Devices Regulation - Hazardous Substances, Protection of Pregnant and Breastfeeding Workers Directive, Annex I+II, General Product Safety Directive - Hazardous Substances, Workplace Signs - minimum requirements & signs on containers and pipes, Safety and Health of Workers at Work Directive - Hazardous Substances, Waste Framework Directive, Annex III - Waste - Hazardous Properties, Carc and Muta Directive, Annex I - Substances, Mixtures & Processes, Physical, Biological and Chemical Agents & Processes and Work
Nickel bis(2-ethylhexanoate)
C&L Inventory, REACH pre-registration, Other, FCM Active and Intelligent Materials - CMRs not allowed for use, CAD - Chemical Agents Directive, Art. 2(b)(i) - Hazardous Agents, Construction Product Regulation - Annex I (3) - Hazardous Substances, Construction Product Regulation - Art. 6(5) - SDS and Declaration, Cosmetic Products Regulation, Annex II - Prohibited Substances, EU Ecolabels - Restrictions for Hazardous Substances/Mixtures, End-of-Life Vehicles Directive - Hazardous Substances, Active Implantable Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices Regulation - Hazardous Substances, Marine Environmental Policy Framework Directive - Hazardous Substances, Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, Medical Devices Regulation - Hazardous Substances, Protection of Pregnant and Breastfeeding Workers Directive, Annex I+II, General Product Safety Directive - Hazardous Substances, Workplace Signs - minimum requirements & signs on containers and pipes, Safety and Health of Workers at Work Directive - Hazardous Substances, Waste Framework Directive, Annex III - Waste - Hazardous Properties, Carc and Muta Directive, Annex I - Substances, Mixtures & Processes, Physical, Biological and Chemical Agents & Processes and Work
2-αιθυλεξανικό νικέλιο (el)
C&L Inventory
bi(2-etilhexanoat) de nichel (ro)
C&L Inventory
bis(2-etil-hexanoato) de níquel (pt)
C&L Inventory
bis(2-etileżanoat) tan-nikil (mt)
C&L Inventory
bis(2-etilhexanoato) de níquel (es)
C&L Inventory
bis(2-etyloheksanian) niklu (pl)
C&L Inventory
bis(2-éthylhexanoate) de nickel; (fr)
C&L Inventory
nichel bis(2-etilesanoato) (it)
C&L Inventory
nickel(II)-2-etylhexanoat (sv)
C&L Inventory
Nickel-bis(2-ethylhexanoat) (de)
C&L Inventory
nikelio bis(2-etilheksanoatas) (lt)
C&L Inventory
nikkel-bisz(2-etilhexanoát) (hu)
C&L Inventory
nikkelbis(2-ethylhexanoaat) (nl)
C&L Inventory
nikkelbis(2-ethylhexanoat) (da)
C&L Inventory
nikkelbis(2-etylheksanoat) (no)
C&L Inventory
nikkelbis(2-etüülheksanaat) (et)
C&L Inventory
nikkelibis(2-etyyliheksanoaatti) (fi)
C&L Inventory
nikl-[bis(2-ethylhexanoát)] (cs)
C&L Inventory
nikljev bis(2-etilheksanoat) (sl)
C&L Inventory
niklov bis(2-etilheksanoat) (hr)
C&L Inventory
nikélium-bis(2-etylhexanoát) (sk)
C&L Inventory
никелов бис(2-етилхексаноат) (bg)
C&L Inventory
Hexanoic acid, 2-ethyl-, nickel(2+) salt (2:1)
C&L Inventory
Nickel 2-ethylhexanoate
Registration dossier
nickel bis(2-ethylhexanoate)
C&L Inventory
nickel(2+) bis(2-ethylhexanoate)
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier, Other
028-054-00-0
Index number
C&L Inventory
1820866-66-7
CAS number
Other
4454-16-4
CAS number
EC Inventory, C&L Inventory, Registration dossier, REACH pre-registration, Other, FCM Active and Intelligent Materials - CMRs not allowed for use, CAD - Chemical Agents Directive, Art. 2(b)(i) - Hazardous Agents, Construction Product Regulation - Annex I (3) - Hazardous Substances, Construction Product Regulation - Art. 6(5) - SDS and Declaration, Cosmetic Products Regulation, Annex II - Prohibited Substances, EU Ecolabels - Restrictions for Hazardous Substances/Mixtures, End-of-Life Vehicles Directive - Hazardous Substances, Active Implantable Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices Regulation - Hazardous Substances, Marine Environmental Policy Framework Directive - Hazardous Substances, Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, Medical Devices Regulation - Hazardous Substances, Protection of Pregnant and Breastfeeding Workers Directive, Annex I+II, General Product Safety Directive - Hazardous Substances, Workplace Signs - minimum requirements & signs on containers and pipes, Safety and Health of Workers at Work Directive - Hazardous Substances, Waste Framework Directive, Annex III - Waste - Hazardous Properties, Carc and Muta Directive, Annex I - Substances, Mixtures & Processes, Physical, Biological and Chemical Agents & Processes and Work

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%) [1]
C Form
Paste (100%) [1]
C Substance type
Organometallic (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Melting / freezing point
50 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Boiling point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Boiling point
42.5 - 328.2 °C @ 101.325 kPa [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Boiling point at 101 325 Pa
327.2 °C

Density

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Bulk density
0.78 g/cm³ @ 20 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Relative density at 20°C
0.78

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 3 summaries processed
Vapour pressure
0 - 4 Pa @ 20 - 25 °C

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Log Pow
-0.33 @ pH 6.2 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Log Kow (Log Pow)
-0.33 - 2.7 @ 25 °C

Water solubility

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
110 - 357 mg/L @ 30 °C and pH 5.48 - 6.07 [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 3 summaries processed
Water solubility
110 - 10 000 mg/L @ 20 - 30 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Surface tension
68 - 68.3 mN/m @ 304.56 mg/L and 20 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Surface tension at 20 °C
68 mN/m @ 304.56 mg/L

Flash point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flammability

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flammability
Not classified (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Explosiveness
Non-explosive (100%)

Oxidising

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oxidising
Non oxidising (100%)

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Dissociating properties
Not determined (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Viscosity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Dissipation half life (DT50)
47.1 h [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Half life in air
48 h

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in water

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in soil

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
C Interpretation of results
Readily biodegradable (100%) [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Biodegradation in water
Readily biodegradable (100%)

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 154 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 46 1
Supporting study 70
Weight of evidence
Other 28 9
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Study results
  • 59 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 11
Supporting study 31 1 3
Weight of evidence
Other 13
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 43 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Koc
-50.54 - 413.93 L/kg @ 1.3 - 9.25 % organic carbon [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 21 7 1
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other 10
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Koc at 20°C
140.87

Henrys law constant (H)

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R H - (pressure) m³/mol
0.294 Pa m³/mol @ 25 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Henry's law constant
0.294 Pa.m³.mol-1 @ 20 °C

Distribution modelling

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
% Distribution in Media:
R Air 0.93 % [1]
R Water 91.7 % [1]
R Soil 3.64 % [1]
R Sediment 3.68 % [1]
R Suspended sediment 0.02 % [1]
R Biota 0 % [1]
R Aerosol 0 % [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers

No summary exists for this scientific endpoint

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 3 summaries processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 7.1 - 360 µg/L (3)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) 0 - 1 160 000 ng/L (3)
Marine water 8.6 - 36 µg/L (3)
Intermittent releases (marine water) 0 ng/L (1)
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 330 - 71 700 µg/L (3)
Sediment (freshwater) 6.37 - 109 mg/kg sediment dw (3)
Sediment (marine water) 637 - 109 000 µg/kg sediment dw (3)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (3)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil 1.06 - 29.9 mg/kg soil dw (3)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning 120 - 600 µg/kg food (2)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 133 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 15.3 - 100 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 68 1
Weight of evidence
Other 9 53
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 34 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (32 days) 35 - 431 000 µg/L [11]
NOEC (30 days) 108.9 µg/L [1]
NOEC (8 days) 40 - 80 µg/L [2]
LOEC (32 days) 35 - 3 730 µg/L [11]
LOEC (30 days) 433.5 µg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 7
Supporting study 8 1
Weight of evidence
Other 12 5
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 180 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (48 h) 910 mg/L [1]
LC50 (48 h) 13 - 276 µg/L [17]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study 96 10
Weight of evidence
Other 25 44
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 95 studies submitted
  • 26 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (8 months) 66 µg/L [1]
NOEC (4.233 months) 713 µg/L [1]
NOEC (56 days) 40 - 120 µg/L [2]
NOEC (42 days) 40 µg/L [2]
NOEC (36 days) 61 µg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 22 4
Supporting study 45
Weight of evidence 1
Other 17 6
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 95 studies submitted
  • 17 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (72 h) 40.7 - 500 000 µg/L [27]
IC50 (48 h) 456 - 4 400 µg/L [3]
NOEC (72 h) 3.5 - 130 000 µg/L [27]
NOEC (48 h) 10 - 110.5 µg/L [2]
LOEC (72 h) 6.2 - 11 551.3 µg/L [26]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 6 11
Supporting study 30 2
Weight of evidence
Other 19 27
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 for freshwater algae
500 mg/L
EC10 or NOEC for freshwater algae
130 mg/L

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Study results
  • 34 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (7 days) 87 - 1 377 µg/L [6]
EC10 (7 days) 3.9 - 435.3 µg/L [6]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 10
Weight of evidence
Other 4 18
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 61 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (17 h) 112.1 mg/L [1]
EC50 (30 min) 33 mg/L [1]
EC10 (17 h) 71.7 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 20
Weight of evidence
Other 3 36
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 for microorganisms
112.1 mg/L
EC10 or NOEC for microorganisms
71.7 mg/L

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 55 studies submitted
  • 25 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (4 days) 900 µg/L [1]
LOEC (4 days) 1.8 mg/L [1]
EC10 (56 days) 762 - 1 625 mg/kg sediment dw [2]
EC10 (49 days) 210 - 339 mg/kg sediment dw [3]
EC10 (42 days) 160 - 3 307 mg/kg sediment dw [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 12
Supporting study 9
Weight of evidence 17
Other 13 3
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 40 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (42 days) 20 - 180 mg/kg soil dw [4]
NOEC (28 days) 100 - 700 mg/kg soil dw [3]
NOEC (21 days) 180 - 800 mg/kg soil dw [4]
LOEC (42 days) 320 mg/kg soil dw [1]
LOEC (28 days) 300 - 1 000 mg/kg soil dw [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 6
Supporting study 10 2 1
Weight of evidence
Other 15 5
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 20 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (28 days) 476 mg/kg soil dw [1]
LC50 (8.167 months) 8 351 mg/kg diet [1]
LC50 (28 days) 1 g/kg soil dw [1]
LOEC (28 days) 560 mg/kg soil dw [1]
NOEC (28 days) 36.4 - 1 140 mg/kg soil dw [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other 8 5
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 228 studies submitted
  • 14 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (63 days) 29 - 355 mg/kg soil dw [4]
NOEC (60 days) 88 - 187 mg/kg soil dw [2]
NOEC (56 days) 17 - 69 mg/kg soil dw [3]
NOEC (40 days) 67 mg/kg soil dw [1]
NOEC (30 days) 13 - 187 mg/kg soil dw [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 14
Supporting study 45
Weight of evidence
Other 80 88
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 39 studies submitted
  • 23 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (8.975 years) 86 mg/kg soil dw [2]
NOEC (1.381 years) 59 - 94 mg/kg soil dw [3]
NOEC (28 days) 41 mg/kg soil dw [1]
NOEC (7 days) 30 - 770 mg/kg soil dw [13]
EC10 (1.573 years) 295 mg/kg soil dw [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 23
Supporting study 5
Weight of evidence
Other 6 4
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other 1 3
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 3 summaries processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 50 µg/m³ developmental toxicity / teratogenicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 104 mg/m³ acute toxicity
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 50 µg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 1.6 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 333 µg/kg bw/day developmental toxicity / teratogenicity
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 440 ng/cm² sensitisation (skin)
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
EYE Exposure
Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 60 ng/m³ developmental toxicity / teratogenicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 8.8 mg/m³ acute toxicity
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 60 ng/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 100 µg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 167 µg/kg bw/day developmental toxicity / teratogenicity
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 2.2 µg/cm² -
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 11 µg/kg bw/day developmental toxicity / teratogenicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 370 µg/kg bw/day acute toxicity
EYE Exposure
Low hazard (no threshold derived)

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 12 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study 5
Weight of evidence
Other 1 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 281 - 2 043 mg/kg bw (rat) [6]
LD50 cut-off 500 mg/kg bw (rat) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Category 4 based on GHS criteria [1]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 2 1
Weight of evidence 2
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 h) 2.48 mg/L air (rat) [1]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2 1
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
dermal
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 2 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [1]

dermal
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Oral route:
Adverse effect observed LD50 300 - 2 000 mg/kg bw
Dermal route:
No adverse effect observed LD50 2 000 mg/kg bw

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: eye
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Eye
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Respiratory
No study available

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 23 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 12 1
Weight of evidence
Other 5 2
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: respiratory
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 3 summaries processed
Skin sensitisation
Adverse effect observed (sensitising)
Respiratory sensitisation
Adverse effect observed (sensitising)

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 15 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 61 - 71 mg/kg bw/day [2]
NOAEL (mouse): 180 - 205 mg/kg bw/day [2]
LOAEL (rat): 303 - 360 mg/kg bw/day [2]

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other 6 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: inhalation
  • 15 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 5 2 1
Weight of evidence
Other 3 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Study data: dermal
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other 4
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route - systemic effects:
Adverse effect observed NOAEL 200 mg/kg bw/day (subchronic, mouse)

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 43 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 6
Supporting study 11
Weight of evidence 4
Other 20 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence 3
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Toxicity - InVitro
No adverse effect observed (negative)
Toxicity - InVivo
No adverse effect observed (negative)

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 16 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 2 1
Weight of evidence 1
Other 4 4
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 14 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 2 2
Weight of evidence
Other 5 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: developmental
  • 18 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study 7 2
Weight of evidence 1
Other 1 1 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: other studies
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1 1
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Effect on developmental toxicity
Oral route:
Adverse effect observed NOAEL 100 mg/kg bw/day (subacute, rat)

Neurotoxicity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Immunotoxicity

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2 1
Weight of evidence 1
Other 4
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant