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Diss Factsheets

Ecotoxicological information

Endpoint summary

Administrative data

Description of key information

No or few ecotoxicological data are available for strontium hydroxide itself. However, an analogue approach is used for the read-across of ecotoxicological properties of strontium hydroxide from strontium chloride or strontium nitrate, based on the hypothesis that properties are likely to be similar as a result of the presence of a common metal ion Sr2+. Further information on the read-across justification is included as attachment in Section 13.


The analogue approach was applied to the following endpoints:

  • Short-term toxicity to fish

  • Long-term toxicity to fish

  • Short-term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

  • Long-term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

  • Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

  • Toxicity to microorganisms

Additional information

Short-term toxicity data

Reliable acute data are available for three trophic levels: algae, invertebrates and fish.

·        An unbounded value of >43.3 mg Sr/L was identified for algae.

·        The only bounded acute value of 125 mg Sr/L is available for the invertebrate D. magna.

·        The lowest acute effect value (based on measured Sr in the test medium) was an unbounded value of >40.3 mg Sr/L for the fish C. carpio.

It should be noted that the actual E(L)C50values for fish and algae may be well above the reported values as not even partial effects (i.e., mortality or growth rate inhibition) were noted at the highest test concentrations.The table below provides an overview of the most sensitive, reliable, short-term toxicity freshwater data available for strontium.


Table: Most sensitive reliable short-term toxicity endpoints for strontium in freshwater




Value (mg Sr/L) 


Acute fish data 





 Cyprinus carpio



> 40.3

Tobor-Kaplon (2010) 

Acute invertebrate data 





Daphnia magna 




Biesinger and Christensen (1972) 

Algal data 





Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata 

growth rate 


> 43.3

Tobor-Kaplon (2010)


Long-term toxicity data

Reliable studies on chronic toxicity of strontium to the aquatic environment are available for three trophic levels: algae, invertebrates and fish. The toxicity tests were performed using strontium nitrate or strontium chloride hexahydrate as test substance.

  ·        In the study of growth inhibition of the algal species Pseudokirchneriella subcapitataby strontium nitrate to,all significant effect levels (acute and chronic) were equal or higher than 43.3 mg Sr/L (conservative value). Thus, the 72-h NOEC is ≥ 43.3 mg Sr/L.

·        The study on the chronic toxicity of strontium to invertebrates (Biesinger and Christensen, 1972) reported a calculated NOEC for Daphnia magna (i.e., EC16/2) of 21 mg Sr/L.

·        A chronic fish study according to OECD 210 (Egeler and Morlock, 2013) was performed with Danio rerio. The NOEC (nominal) was set to ≥100 mg/L for strontium nitrate, corresponding to a re-calculated NOEC (nominal) for strontium of ≥ 41.4 mg/L.


The PNECaquatic calculation will be conducted using the assessment factors method since a large dataset from long-term tests for different taxonomic groups is not available, a Species Sensitivity Distribution (SSD) cannot be developed and statistical extrapolation methods can thus not be used to derive the PNECaquatic. An overview of available long-term data used for PNEC-derivation is provided in the Table below.


Table: Most sensitive reliable long-term toxicity data for strontium in freshwater




(mg Sr/L) 


Danio rerio



≥ 41.4

Egeler and Morlock (2013)

Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata


72-h NOECr 

 ≥ 43.3

Tobor-Kaplon (2010) 

Daphnia magna




Biesinger and Christensen (1972)