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Diss Factsheets

Guidance on Safe Use

Guidance on Safe Use

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Administrative data

First-aid measures

Product-Specific hazards and other issues :

- Vapours may cause drowsiness and dizziness

- Irritating to eye and respiratory system, causes moderate skin irritation

- Risk of serious damage to the lungs (by aspiration)

General advice :

- Always observe self protection methods.

- Move out of dangerous area.

- Remove contaminated shoes and clothing.

- Consult a physician.

- Show this material safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

Inhalation : IF INHALED

- Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.

- Do not leave the victim unattended.

- Keep patient warm and at rest.

- Immediately seek medical attention.

- If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.

- If unconscious place in recovery position and seek medical advice.

- In the event of unconsciousness , apnea or cardiac arrest (no Pulse) apply cardiopulmonary


Skin contact : IF ON SKIN (or hair)

- Immediately flush affected area with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while

 removing contaminated clothing and shoe

- If irritation persists get medical advice/attention.

Eye contact :  IF IN EYES

- Flush eyes with water thoroughly and continuously for 15 minutes.

- Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.

- Immediately get medical attention.

Ingestion :

- Clean mouth with water and drink afterwards plenty of water.

- Do NOT induce vomiting.

- Do not give milk or alcoholic beverages.

- Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person.

- If vomiting does occur, have victim lean forward to reduce risk of aspiration.

- Get medical attention immediately.

Advice to Physician :

- If inhalation occurs signs and symptoms may include coughing, choking, wheezing, difficulty in

 breathing, chest congestion, shortness of breath and/or fever.

- The onset of respiratory symptoms may be delayed for several hours after exposure.

- Formation of toxic pulmonary edema is possible.

- Inhalation may cause CNS symptoms like headache, dizziness, fatigue, muscular, weakness,

 drowsiness and lack of coordination.

- High doses may cause CNS depression (Fatigue, dizziness and possibly loss of concentration,

 with collapse, coma and death in cases of severe over-exposure.)

- In case of ingestion the stomach should be emptied by gastric lavage under qualified medical


Fire-fighting measures

Product-specific hazards and other issues : :

Suitable extinguishing media:

- SMALL FIRE: Use dry chemicals, CO2, water spray or alcohol-resistant  foam.  

- LARGE FIRE: Use water spray, water fog or alcohol-resistant  foam.

Unsuitable Extinguishing Media : Do not use solid water stream/may spread fire.

Combustion Products:

- Note: High temperatures/catalytic agents may produce flammable isobutylene. Thermal

 decomposition may produce carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, other toxic gases, and flammable


Specific hazards during fire fighting

- Flash point less than freeze point.

- When mixed with air and exposed to ignition source, vapors can burn in open or explode if


- Heat/contamination can release extremely flammable isobutylene gas.

- Diluting with water may not suffice to raise flash point above ambient temperatures.

- Vapors may be heavier than air.

- May travel long distances along the ground before igniting and flashing back to vapor source.

- Move containers from fire area if you can do it without risk.

- Fight fire from maximum distance or use unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles.

- Blanket with alcohol–resistant foam.

- Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out.

- Withdraw immediately in case of rising sound from venting safety devices or discoloration of


- Always stay away from tanks engulfed in fire.

- For massive fire, use unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles; if this is impossible, withdraw

 from area and let fire burn.

Further information

Special protective equipment for fire-fighters

- Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).

- Structural firefighters protective clothing will only provide limited protection.

Accidental release measures

Product-specific hazards and other issues

General information:

Personal precautions :

- Use personal protective equipment.

- Ensure adequate ventilation.

- Remove all sources of ignition.

- Evacuate personnel to safe areas.

- Beware of vapors accumulating to form explosive concentrations. Vapors can accumulate in low


        Land spillage   : Prevent product from entering drains.

        Spillages in water or at sea   : Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so. If the

                                                        product contaminates rivers and lakes or drains inform

                                                        respective authorities.

Methods for cleaning up

- Extremely flammable liquid/frozen form may also be highly flammable.

- Eliminate all sources of ignition.

- All equipment used when handling this product must be grounded.

- Do not touch or walk through spilled material.

- Stop leak if you can do it without risk.

- Prevent entry into waterways, sewers, basements or confined areas.

- A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors.

- Use clean non-sparking tools to collect absorbed material.

- Water spray may reduce vapor; but may not prevent ignition in closed spaces.

- Contain spillage, and then collect with non-combustible absorbent material, (e.g. sand, earth,

 diatomaceous earth, vermiculite) and place in container for disposal according to local / national


Handling and storage


Product-specific hazards and other issues

General information :

Advice on safe handling

- For industrial use only.

- Keep container tightly closed when not in use.

- Use only non-sparking tools.

- Containers must be properly grounded before beginning transfer.

- Carefully vent any internal pressure before removing closure.

- Wear recommended personal protective equipment.

- Extinguish all ignition sources.

- solate, vent, drain, wash and purge systems or equipment before maintenance or repair.

- Observe precautions pertaining to confined space entry.

- Check atmosphere for explosiveness and oxygen deficiencies.

- All electrical equipment should be grounded and conform to applicable electric codes and

 regulatory requirements.

- Handle empty containers with care; vapor residue may be flammable/explosive.

- Thaw frozen containers only at room temperature.

- Do not overfill containers.

- Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking.

Advice on protection against fire and explosion

- Take precautionary measures against static discharges


Requirements for storage areas and containers : - Store in tightly closed/properly vented containers away from heat/sparks/open flame and

 strong oxidizing agents/acids.

- Store closed drums with bung in up position.

- Vapor space above stored liquid may be flammable/explosive unless blanketed with inert gas.

- Protect from freezing.

- Electrical installations / working materials must comply with the technological safety standards.

- Keep container tightly closed and properly labeled.

- Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.

Recommended and Unsuitable Materials for Storage :

- Aluminum -unsuitable material

Advice on common storage : - Stainless steel

Other data :

- No decomposition if stored and applied as directed

Transport information

Land transport (UN RTDG/ADR/RID)

UN number:
UN-Number: 1120
Description of the goods: BUTANOLS
Shippingopen allclose all
Labels : 3
SpecialProvisionsopen allclose all

Inland waterway transport (UN RTDG/ADN(R))

UN number:
UN-Number: 1120
Description of the goods: BUTANOLS
Shippingopen allclose all
Labels: 3
Remarksopen allclose all

Marine transport (UN RTDG/IMDG)

UN number:
UN-Number: 1120
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
Description of the goods: BUTANOLS
Chemical name:
Labels: 3
Remarksopen allclose all

Air transport (UN RTDG/ICAO/IATA)

Shippingopen allclose all
Special provisions / remarks
This way of transportation is not supported by Lyondell Basell Industries.
SpecialProvisionsopen allclose all

Exposure controls / personal protection

Engineering measures :

Both local exhaust and good general room ventilation must be provided not only to control exposure but also to prevent formation of flammable mixtures.

Special attention should be given to low areas/pits where flammable vapors can accumulate.

Personal protective equipment :

Respiratory protection

- Wear a respirator conforming to EN!40 with Type A filter or better.

Hand protection

- Wear chemical resistant gloves such as:  Solvent-resistant gloves

- The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the standard EN 374 derived from it.

- Before removing gloves clean them with soap and water.

Eye protection:

- Eye protection, including both chemical splash goggles and face shield, must be worn when

- possibility exists for eye contact due to splashing/spraying liquid, airborne particles, or vapor.  

- Eye wash bottle with pure water

- Tightly fitting safety goggles

Skin and body protection:

- Depending on the conditions of use, protective gloves, apron, boots, head and face protection

- should be worn.  The equipment must be cleaned thoroughly after each use.

- Choose body protection according to the amount and concentration of the dangerous substance

 at the work place.

Hygiene measures

- Emergency eye wash fountains and safety showers should be available in the immediate vicinity

 of any potential exposure.  Use good personal hygiene practices.  Wash hands before eating,

 drinking, smoking, or using toilet facilities.  Take off contaminated clothing and wash before


- Selection of appropriate personal protective equipment should be based on an evaluation of the

 performance characteristics of the protective equipment relative to the task(s) to be performed,

 conditions present, duration of use, and the hazards and/or potential hazards that may be

 encountered during use.  

- Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice.

- When using do not eat or drink.

- When using do not smoke.

- Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

Environmental exposure controls

General advice:

- Prevent product from entering drains.

- Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so.

Remarks : - Selection of appropriate personal protective equipment should be based on an evaluation of the

 performance characteristics of the protective equipment relative to the task(s) to be performed,

 conditions present, duration of use, and the hazards and/or potential hazards that may be

 encountered during use.  

Stability and reactivity

Chemical stability

- Stable

Conditions to avoid :

- Heat, sparks, open flame, other ignition sources, severe oxidizing conditions, elevated

 temperature with dehydrating conditions.  

Materials to avoid :- Severe oxidizing conditions.  Mineral acids.  Dehydrating agents.  Contact with strong acids can

 decompose this material and generate  extremely flammable isobutylene.  

Hazardous decomposition products :

- High temperature/catalytic agents may produce flammable isobutylene.  Thermal decomposition

 may produce carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, other toxic gases, and flammable isobutylene.  

Hazardous polymerization :

Not expected to occur

Reactions with Air and Water :

Not expected to occur.

Disposal considerations

Contaminated product, soil, water, container residues and spill cleanup materials may be hazardous wastes. The product should not be allowed to enter drains, water courses or the soil. Dispose of in accordance with local regulations