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Guidance on Safe Use

Guidance on Safe Use

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Administrative data

First-aid measures

General instructions


If health problems occur or if you suspect that your health may have been affected, contact your physician and give the information stated on this safety data sheet. It is necessary to keep the vital functions going until a physician arrives (i.e. check heartbeat, ensure artificial respiration, heart massage). If the affected person has lost consciousness or if you believe that he/she may lose consciousness, transport the person to a healthcare provider in a stabilised position, lying on his/her side. In the case of first degree burns (painful red spots) and second degree burns (painful blisters), cool the affected locations with a stream of cold water. In the case of third degree burns (black spots, crumbling pale skin, usually painless), do not cool the affected place, but cover it with a clean piece of cloth. The affected person must not lose body heat.

SPECIAL MEANS REQUIRED AT THE WORKPLACE: Eye bath and safety shower.    

When inhaled

Take the afflicted person into the open air, rinse his/her mouth and nose with water, keep him/her warm and quiet. Call for professional medical help.

In case of contact with skin

Rinse the affected places with water immediately and remove contaminated clothing and shoes (cut the person's hair and nails, if necessary). Wash the skin well, but try to avoid irritating the skin mechanically, with a large quantity of lukewarm water. Do not use soap or neutralising agents and avoid mechanical irritation. Keep rinsing the affected person until the physician arrives (keep rinsing for 20 minutes at least). Affected places should be covered with a sterile bandage (or a clean piece of cloth). Call for professional medical help.

In case of contact with eyes

Rinse the eyes with a large quantity of clean, lukewarm water immediately. Keep washing even if it is necessary to exert some force to open the afflicted person’s eyelids. Wash the eye from the inside corner to the outside and do not stop until the physician arrives. If the afflicted person is wearing contact lenses, they must be removed immediately. Call for a professional medical help.

When swallowed

First rinse the mouth and then make the affected person drink 1-2 dl of water with charcoal, one sip at a time. Number of charcoal: 1 – 10 multiple of a swallowed corrosive substance. Do not induce vomitting! It is essential to seek medical treatment rapidly.

Fire-fighting measures

Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

Powder or snow fire extinguisher. In the case of a large-scale fire, use heavy foam with a polar foam maker, or a split water stream. Containers should be cooled with a screen of water. You should try to get them out of the fire.

Unsuitable extinguishing media:

Direct water jet.

Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture

While the substance burns, it produces toxic products. As the substance is very volatile, it may produce highly corrosive vapours. Mixtures of the steam of the substance with the air are explosive.

Advice for firefighters

When fighting the fire in the dangerous zone, you must use an isolation breathing apparatus as well as a protective anti-chemical pressure suit.

Accidental release measures

Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Personal precautions

Close the place of the accident. Send away all persons not involved in rescue works. When managing the emergency, use an isolation breathing apparatus and full anti-chemical suit. If this is not possible, use the personal emergency equipment described in Section 8. Remove or switch off all sources of ignition. Leaking tankers should be driven to safe locations, while it is necessary to prevent the liquid from leaking by closing or sealing the place of the leakage. It is also necessary to measure the concentration of substance in the area continuously  (see point 5.3)

Environmental precautions

Prevent the substance from leaking into the sewerage system, ground and surface water, or into the soil. If the substance leaks into a watercourse, inform the water consumers immediately. If the capacity of the leakage source is large, raise emergency alarm immediately.

Methods and material for containment and cleaning up

The leaked liquid should be enclosed and pumped into a container suitable for further processing or disposal. The remnants should be absorbed into a suitable porous material (sand, vapex, infusorial earth). When storing and handling the substance, make sure the area is ventilated thoroughly.  Disposal of the substance is governed by the valid waste handling legislation.

Handling and storage

Precautions for safe handling

Provide good vapour ventilation and, for the work place, exhaust, prevent the escape of substance vapours into the atmosphere, use working protective means in compliance with Point No. 8, handle in a manner as to prevent spillage or escape, prevent contact of  the substance with open flame, sparks or hot surfaces.

Advice on general occupational hygiene

Do not eat, drink and smoke in work areas, to wash hands after use; and remove contaminated clothing and protective equipment before entering eating areas.

Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Keep ventilating the storage room efficiently, use protective means in compliance with Point No. 8, store in closed packaging or tanks only, do not store together with food or strong oxidising  agents, keep reservoirs, tanks and receptacles dry and tightly closed.

Transport information

Land transport (UN RTDG/ADR/RID)

UN number:
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
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Inland waterway transport (UN RTDG/ADN(R))

UN number:
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
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Marine transport (UN RTDG/IMDG)

UN number:
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
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Air transport (UN RTDG/ICAO/IATA)

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Shipping information
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Exposure controls / personal protection

Occupational exposure controls

Collective protection measures

Plant-wide and local ventilation, effective exhaust system, automation, hermetic sealing.

Individual protection measures

The staff must wear personal protection equipment (PPE) to protect their eyes, hands and skin. This equipment must be suitable for the nature of the activities they do. Wherever the technical means do not enable obeying the exposure limits determined for the working environment or ensuring that inhaling the substance does not affect a persons’ health, the staff must use also suitable protection of the respiratory system. If the staff are to use this equipment permanently while working, it is necessary to include safety breaks, if required by the nature of the PPE. All the PPE must be kept in good condition. Any polluted or damaged equipment must be replaced immediately.



• Respiratory protection: Isolation breathing apparatus, or respirator equipped with an A filter is necessary

      • Eye protection:       Protective shield or goggles

      • Hand protection:   Protective gloves – anti-chemical


                    Glove material              Layer thickness              Penetration time

Everyday working activities (possible contact during operation or getting stained in the case of leakage)              Neoprene              0.75 mm              480 min.


• Skin protection: protective rubber suit and footwear, unprotected skin must be treated with a protective lotion before beginning to work.

• Other recommendations: Eye bath and safety shower.

•       General safety and hygienic measures: Follow the rules of personal hygiene. Do not eat, drink or smoke while working! Wash your hands as well as any uncovered parts of your body well with water and soap, or treat them with suitable reparation lotion after finishing work or before eating or drinking.

Environmental exposure controls

Follow the valid legal regulations governing the protection of the air and water.  

Stability and reactivity


No reactivity hazards.

Chemical stability

The substance is stable under normal ambient and anticipated storage and handling conditions of temperature and pressure.

Possibility of hazardous reactions

Violent reaction: Strong oxidising agents – peroxy-compounds (peroxosulphuric acid and   peroxodisulphuric) strong acid (sulfuric acid, nitric acid), organic nitrates and inorganic nitrites (in combination with  strong acids).

Conditions to avoid

High temperature, formation of explosive mixtures of phenol vapours with air.

Incompatible materials

Strong bases, formaldehyde, alifatic aldehydes, halogens.

Hazardous decomposition products

Toxic and corrosive vapour generation in case of a fire or an accident

Disposal considerations

Waste treatment methods

The substance must be handled in compliance with the valid legal regulations governing the disposal of waste as well as with other environmental regulations. Leaked product must be handled in the manner described in Section 6.3 and then handed over to a person authorised to handle hazardous waste. It is recommended to dispose of this substance by making it a material that can be further used for energy generation purposes. Contact the producer for any additional information.

Recommended classification of the waste under Decree No. 381/2001 Coll.: 07 01 99*, 15 0110*, 16 05 08*

Methods of contaminated packaging disposal

Proceed in the same manner as when disposing of the product, tanks may be used only after preliminary cleaning thereof in authorised purification plants

Legal regulations governing the disposal and handling of waste

The Czech Republic

Act No. 185/2001 Coll. on waste modifying certain other acts, in the valid wording including delegated legislative (e.g. Decree No. 381/2001 Coll. determining the Catalogue of Waste)

The European Union

Directive 2008/98/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on waste and repealing certain Directives, in the valid wording.

Regulation (EC) No 1013/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council on shipments of waste, in the valid wording.