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Please be aware that this old REACH registration data factsheet is no longer maintained; it remains frozen as of 19th May 2023.

The new ECHA CHEM database has been released by ECHA, and it now contains all REACH registration data. There are more details on the transition of ECHA's published data to ECHA CHEM here.

Diss Factsheets

Guidance on Safe Use

Guidance on Safe Use

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Administrative data

First-aid measures

Eye Contact: Flush eyes thoroughly with water for several minutes.  Remove contact lenses after the initial 1-2 minutes and continue flushing for several additional minutes.  If effects occur, consult a physician, preferably an ophthalmologist.  

Skin Contact: Wash skin with plenty of water.  

Inhalation: Move person to fresh air.  If not breathing, give artificial respiration; if by mouth to mouth use rescuer protection (pocket mask, etc).  If breathing is difficult, oxygen should be administered by qualified personnel.  Call a physician or transport to a medical facility.  

Ingestion: Do not induce vomiting. Call a physician and/or transport to emergency facility immediately.  

Notes to Physician: The decision of whether to induce vomiting or not should be made by a physician.  If lavage is performed, suggest endotracheal and/or esophageal control.  Danger from lung aspiration must be weighed against toxicity when considering emptying the stomach.  Maintain adequate ventilation and oxygenation of the patient.  If hemolysis is suspected, monitor hemoglobin, hematocrit, plasma free hemoglobin, and urinalysis. Whole blood or packed RBC transfusion may be required in severe cases.  Alkalinization of urine with bicarbonate may prevent renal damage.  If burn is present, treat as any thermal burn, after decontamination.  No specific antidote.  Treatment of exposure should be directed at the control of symptoms and the clinical condition of the patient.

Fire-fighting measures

Extinguishing Media: Water fog or fine spray.  Dry chemical fire extinguishers.  Carbon dioxide fire extinguishers.  Foam.  General purpose synthetic foams (including AFFF type) or protein foams are preferred if available.  Alcohol resistant foams (ATC type) may function.  

Fire Fighting Procedures: Keep people away.  Isolate fire and deny unnecessary entry.  Stay upwind.  Keep out of low areas where gases (fumes) can accumulate.  Do not use direct water stream.  May spread fire.  Eliminate ignition sources.  Burning liquids may be moved by flushing with water to protect personnel and minimize property damage.  Contain fire water run-off if possible. Fire water run-off, if not contained, may cause environmental damage.  

Special Protective Equipment for Firefighters: Wear positive-pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) and protective fire fighting clothing (includes fire fighting helmet, coat, trousers, boots, and gloves).  Avoid contact with this material during fire fighting operations. If contact is likely, change to full chemical resistant fire fighting clothing with self-contained breathing apparatus.  If this is not available, wear full chemical resistant clothing with self-contained breathing apparatus and fight fire from a remote location.  

Unusual Fire and Explosion Hazards: Violent steam generation or eruption may occur upon application of direct water stream to hot liquids.  Electrically ground and bond all equipment.  Flammable mixtures of this product are readily ignited even by static discharge.  Vapors are heavier than air and may travel a long distance and accumulate in low lying areas. Ignition and/or flash back may occur.  Dense smoke is produced when product burns.  

Hazardous Combustion Products: During a fire, smoke may contain the original material in addition to combustion products of varying composition which may be toxic and/or irritating.  Combustion products may include and are not limited to:  Carbon monoxide.  Carbon dioxide.

Accidental release measures

Steps to be Taken if Material is Released or Spilled: Small spills:  Spills should be contained by, and covered with large quantities of sand, earth or any other readily available absorbent material which is then brushed in vigorously to assist absorption.  Large spills:  Dike area to contain spill.  Dilute with water.  Pump with explosion-proof equipment.  If available, use foam to smother or suppress.  Collect in suitable and properly labeled containers.  If substance has entered water course or sewer, inform the responsible authority.  Ground and bond all containers and handling equipment.  

Personal Precautions: Use appropriate safety equipment. For additional information, refer to Section 8, Exposure Controls and Personal Protection.  Isolate area.  Keep unnecessary and unprotected personnel from entering the area.  Keep personnel out of low areas.  No smoking in area.  For large spills, warn public of downwind explosion hazard.  Eliminate all sources of ignition in vicinity of spill or released vapor to avoid fire or explosion.  Vapor explosion hazard.  Keep out of sewers.  Check area with combustible gas detector before reentering area. Ground and bond all containers and handling equipment.  

Environmental Precautions: Prevent from entering into soil, ditches, sewers, waterways and/or groundwater. Spills or discharge to natural waterways is likely to kill aquatic organisms.

Handling and storage

General Handling: Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing.  Avoid breathing vapor.  Use with adequate ventilation.  Do not swallow.  Wash thoroughly after handling.  Product on surfaces can cause slippery conditions.  Vapors are heavier than air and may travel a long distance and accumulate in low lying areas. Ignition and/or flash back may occur.  Take precautionary measures against static discharges.  Use of non-sparking or explosion-proof equipment may be necessary, depending upon the type of operation.  Never use air pressure for transferring product.  Purge oxygen from storage vessels before filling.  


Store in steel containers preferably located outdoors, above ground, and surrounded by dikes to contain spills or leaks.  Store under cover in a dry, clean, cool, well ventilated place away from sunlight.  Damaged or punctured drums should be emptied and properly disposed of.  Minimize sources of ignition, such as static build-up, heat, spark or flame.  Do not use jacket-type drum heaters.  Flush empty containers with water to remove residual flammable liquid and vapours.  Hold bulk storage under nitrogen blanket.

Transport information

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Marine transport (UN RTDG/IMDG)

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Exposure controls / personal protection

Stability and reactivity

Disposal considerations